Archive for the ‘House Resolution 5140’ Category

McCain Changes His Mind on Mortgage Plan – Now He Wants to “Help” Homeowners

April 11, 2008

Well, in a move that honestly shocked me, John McCain has outlined a Mortgage/Homeowner plan, contrary to earlier statements that he made, saying, “I believe the role of government is to help the truly needy. … Reforms should focus on improving transparency and accountability in our capital markets. … What is not necessary is a multibillion-dollar bailout for big banks and speculators, as Senators Clinton and Obama have proposed”:

Remarks By John McCain On The Economy At Brooklyn Small Business Roundtable

April 10, 2008

ARLINGTON, VA — U.S. Senator John McCain will deliver the following remarks as prepared for delivery at a small business roundtable in Brooklyn, New York, today at 12:45 p.m. EST:
Thank you for joining me here today. It is a real pleasure to be participating in this roundtable with so many accomplished entrepreneurs and small business owners. You represent the engine of economic growth in America. Small business creates the majority of new jobs in America every year — so thank you for your ingenuity, perseverance, and hard work.
For Americans, a good job is the best program for housing, education, clothing, health care and transportation ever devised. A strong, growing economy with good jobs is central to everything we want for America. Today our economy is weakening, and as I travel this country and meet and talk with people, I can see how things are getting tougher for many Americans.

As I see it, individuals and families are feeling real pressure in four major areas. Housing prices are flat or declining and Americans have lost their homes or are in danger of losing them. A credit crunch is making personal loans, student loans, or business loans harder to get. Gas prices and food prices are threatening family budgets. And people are worried about their jobs.

I have a plan of action to get the American economy back on track. My plan is comprised of two parts: First is a tangible, near-term plan to address and relieve some of the serious problems that Americans are facing right now. The second part of the plan is to create the right medium and long-term environment for our economy to rebound and thrive.

Let me discuss the short-term challenges and actions first.

Recently, a sustained period of rising home prices made many home lenders complacent, giving them a false sense of security and causing them to lower their lending standards. They stopped asking basic questions of their borrowers like “can you afford this home? Can you put a reasonable amount of money down?” Lenders ended up violating the basic rule of banking: don’t lend people money who can’t pay it back. Some Americans bought homes they couldn’t afford, betting that rising prices would make it easier to refinance later at more affordable rates. There are 80 million family homes in America and those homeowners are now facing the reality that the bubble has burst and prices go down as well as up.

More generally, credit is drying up and liquidity is now severely limited — and small business and hard-working families find themselves unable to get their usual loans. Business managers have become not only more cautious about hiring, but some have been reducing their workforce. All of this led to a discouraging jobs report last Friday.

As if this were not enough, oil prices and therefore gas prices have been climbing for well over a year. For a long time, companies and businesses absorbed those increases but recently they have had to pass them on to consumers. The reason the price of milk, eggs and all kinds of goods are up so much is, simply, the increased cost of transporting these products to your store. Even the costs of product containers and cartons — often made from petroleum products — have been affected by the rising cost of oil and gas.

So what can we do in the near term?

Let’s start with the housing challenges. There is nothing more important than keeping alive the American dream to own your home, and priority number one is to keep well meaning, deserving home owners who are facing foreclosure in their homes. I am pleased that the Congress is considering bi-partisan reforms to help the mortgage crisis. Bipartisan efforts may not make for great political theater, but they remain the most effective way to address quickly our nation’s problems. Bipartisan efforts are also sometimes less than perfect, and I believe we can improve on the legislation before Congress.

I’ve made my principles in this area clear: Tax breaks for builders, funds to purchase homes in foreclosure, and tax credits that are not targeted to where the need is greatest do not constitute the federal help that is warranted. In some case, lenders and borrowers alike were caught up in the speculative frenzy that has harmed the housing market. And it is not the responsibility of the American public to spare them from the consequences of their own bad judgment. The goal should be to help homeowners who are struggling, and only about $5 billion of the bill addresses their concerns in any way. I believe we can do better.

We can also encourage groups like Neighborworks America and others provide mortgage assistance to homeowners in their communities. And our government can give them the resources to expand their efforts. I also believe that the mortgage lending industry has an obligation to help refinance mortgages. If what I have read about industry-led efforts is true, it appears that a stronger effort could be launched.

I believe a more robust, timely and targeted effort is my HOME plan. It offers every deserving American family or homeowner the opportunity to trade a burdensome mortgage for a manageable loan that reflects the market value of their home. This plan is focused on people. People decide if they need help, they apply for assistance and if approved the government under my HOME Program supports them in getting a new mortgage that they can afford. There will be qualifications which require the home to be a primary residence and the borrower able to afford a new mortgage. We will combine the power of government and the private sector to find immediate solutions for deserving American homeowners.

My plan follows the sound economic principle that when markets decline dramatically, debts must be restructured. It is built on the reality that homeowners should have an equity capital stake in their home. Homeowners would end up with a 30-year mortgage and an equity stake in their home. The new lender would receive a federal guarantee of the mortgage. And the taxpayer gets a benefit if the sale value ever recovers.

The result is a restructured financial arrangement for the homeowner. Over the long term, financial institutions must follow suit, writing off losses, restructuring their balance sheets, and raising more capital.

I am also calling for an immediate DOJ [Department of Justice] task force to aggressively investigate potential criminal wrongdoing in the mortgage lending and securitization industry. If there were individuals or firms that defrauded innocent homeowners or forged loan application documents, then the punishments of the market are not enough, and they must answer for their conduct in a court of law.

Now let me turn to gas and food prices. We need to help everyone who relies on gas to commute or pick up the kids or get to doctors appointments. As President, I promise to pursue a national energy strategy that won’t be another grab bag of handouts and a full employment act for lobbyists. It will promote the diversification and conservation of our energy sources, including a robust expansion of nuclear power, that will in sufficient time break the dominance of oil in our transportation sector.

Right now I think we should stop adding to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The SPR is intended to offset the impact of physical disruption of oil supplies. But with oil at over $100 a barrel and an adequate supply in the SPR, it is time to suspend purchases. This will lessen worldwide demand for oil, and if the classic laws of supply and demand hold, we should see a welcome decrease in the price of oil. And I ask every American to consider how you can sacrifice a bit for the common good and cut back where you can on your energy use.

Job security may well be the most pressing problem of these challenging economic times. Right now, jobs are in jeopardy and the government backstop is not up to the task. For over a year, I have been calling for a comprehensive reform to our unemployment insurance and displaced worker programs.

In our current unemployment insurance system, benefits are the same regardless of whether a job is found quickly or slowly. There is no reward for work, or getting to work quickly. Training programs are duplicative, balkanized and inefficient. The Department of Labor alone has over a half-dozen programs under different organizational umbrellas.

I propose that we build a new system so that as women and men work, their taxes help to build up a buffer account against lost earnings. Then, if they are unfortunate enough to lose a job, they will be able to better meet their obligations. There will also be no need to wait for a bureaucrat or obey a timetable. Every day will count and give incentives to get back to work.

If new skills are needed, displaced workers should find quick assistance at a community college using a flexible training account that permits them to pay for training and use some of the leftover to keep their health insurance. They will be able to get the hands-on skills needed by employers in the area and move to a new job. And my plan contains special, targeted assistance for older workers.

We also must make health care portable. The biggest fear people have when they lose their job is losing their health insurance. I have proposed comprehensive reforms that will lead to innovative, portable insurance. But we can start by making sure that workers are eligible for affordable coverage under COBRA.

These short term measures are designed to help people where they face the most challenges right now. I think they could make a significant difference in the everyday lives of many people.

Much work remains to be done on addressing the issues and challenges that will ensure we remain the largest and strongest economy in the world in the future. I believe that in order to accomplish this we must do three things. First, we must invest in the greatest resource we have, the American people. Second, we must reignite and drive a spirit of innovation in America. And third, we must foster growth and economic freedom, which really means low and effective taxes, free trade on a level playing field, small government and a smart, enforceable regulatory and legal framework.

Next week I will outline my longer term vision for American economic growth and power. But let me make it clear that in these challenging times, I am committed to using all the resources of this government and great nation to create opportunity and make sure that every deserving American has a good job and can achieve their American dream.

Frankly, I am VERY disappointed in Senator McCain, although there is somewhat of a silver lining here.  I don’t agree with the plan that the Congress passed.  I think it helps out individuals who made bad decisions and sets a precedent that “the government will bail you out if you screw up,” and, unfortunately, I think that part of Senator McCain’s plan would do the same.  Although I disagree with his point that the government should be bailing people out of this, I will note several parts that I either agreed with or made me more comfortable accepting his plan over Obama’s or Clintons:

  • I like the fact that people would have to prove that they were credit-worthy at the time that they received the loan.  Here’s an excerpt from the Los Angeles Times that explains McCain’s plan a little more:

    McCain’s aides said his home mortgage plan could help 200,000 to 400,000 people and cost $3 billion to $10 billion. That would be far less than the proposals offered by Clinton and Obama, but McCain aides said it would be bigger than the efforts envisioned by the Bush administration.

    The plan would retire old loans that homeowners no longer can pay and replace them with less expensive, 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages that are federally guaranteed. McCain said families would gain “the opportunity to trade a burdensome mortgage for a manageable loan that reflects the market value of their home.”

    In line with his concern about bailing out speculators, McCain’s proposal would apply only to homeowners who took out sub-prime mortgages after 2005 for homes that are their main residence. They would need to have proved they were credit-worthy at the time of the loan.

  • I like the fact that he will have the Department of Justice investigate wrongdoings.  As a hard core law and order conservative, I support finding and prosecuting anybody who breaks the law.
  • I also like a lot of his health care plan, especially encouraging competition between insurance companies and allowing people to get insurance from out of state.

Clinton and Obama also had some comments saying that they didn’t think McCain’s plan did enough, which made me feel somewhat better, since their plans would do WAY too much:

While campaigning in Gary, IN, Obama said, “Just look at the speech he’s giving today about our economy.  I’m glad he’s finally decided to offer a plan.  Better late than never.  But don’t expect any real answers, don’t expect it to actually help struggling families because Senator McCain’s solution to the housing crisis seems a lot like the George Bush solution of sitting by and hoping it passes while families face foreclosure and watch the value of their homes erode.”

Clinton issued a press release, speaking out against McCain’s switch from a laissez-faire approach to a more socialized approach:

Senator McCain is apparently of two minds on the housing crisis and neither seems to know how to steward the economy effectively. Just two weeks ago, Senator McCain said he’d rather do nothing than something about the housing crisis and attacked my plan with tired right-wing talking points.

Today, it looks like he’s proposing a warmed over, half-hearted version of the very plan he criticized, to help families restructure mortgages to save homes and keep housing prices from falling further. Apparently, Senator McCain got the message: letting the phone simply ring and ring is not the way to respond to economic crises. So now he’s changed positions and is finally responding to a housing crisis that has been going on for months, but unfortunately his actions are only half-measures.

This is all part of a pattern.

Senator McCain admitted not knowing enough about economics. He can’t keep his own position on Social Security straight. And now he’s shown himself to be dangerously inconsistent on addressing our nation’s housing crisis.

For eight years, we’ve had a President who didn’t know enough or care enough to do enough on behalf of the middle class. With a credit crisis, a home mortgage crisis, and an economy facing a potentially deep and painful recession, we can’t afford four more years of more of the same.

At a time of economic crisis and uncertainty, Americans need a President with a steady hand and steady positions, not someone whose economic positions are as unpredictable as our troubled economy itself.

So, the fact that those two don’t like the plan DOES make me feel a little easier about it, but I still think it’s a mistake.  People need to accept the consequences of their actions.  The government can’t be there to bail people out all the time – it’s just not what the government is for.

Done Ranting,

Ranting Republican
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Why the Economic Stimulus Package Was a Terrible Idea

March 21, 2008

Alright, so I was looking around Senator Chuck Hagel’s (R-NE) website to see about his new book, and I stumbled across this press release:

Hagel Statement on Vote Against Senate Economic Stimulus Package
 
February 7th, 2008 – U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel issued the following statement today after voting against the passed United States Senate economic stimulus package:“In the last few years we have overbuilt, overmortgaged, overleveraged and abused credit. The market is now self-correcting.

“This economic stimulus package is wrongheaded, short-sighted and will only drive our country deeper into debt and continue to perpetuate this irresponsible mantra of spend, spend, spend. We are borrowing money that our children are going to have to pay back. Flying over America dropping rebate checks that we can’t cover doesn’t solve anything. This isn’t free money.”  

###

I’ve gotta say – I will always love that man and his politics – I disagree with him on a couple of things things, but he is by far my favorite politician (other than Reagan) – it still saddens me that he’s retiring, but I hope he gets back into it.  I told him on my last visit to D.C. (I should post a picture of that) that if he ever runs for anything, he has my full support.

OK, back to economics:

Here’s the bill that he was referring to: House Resolution 5140: H.R. 5140 Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 – here’s the summary, at least where I have a problem – the tax rebate stuff is fine, but Title II is dangerous:

Title II: Housing GSE and FHA Loan Limits – (Sec. 201) Raises the statutory ceiling on the maximum original principal obligation of a mortgage originated between July 1, 2007, and December 31, 2008, that may be purchased by either the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac). Disregards mortgages purchased with the increased ceiling amount for purposes of meeting certain housing goals established under the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992.

Expresses the sense of Congress that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac should securitize mortgages acquired pursuant to the increased conforming loan limits of this Act if the manner of securitization does not: (1) impose additional costs for mortgages originated, purchased, or securitized under existing limits; or (2) interfere with the goal of adding liquidity to the market.

(Sec. 202) Establishes a temporary loan limit increase for FHA-insured mortgages in specified high-cost areas for which a borrower received credit approval by December 31, 2008.

Grants the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) discretionary authority to increase loan limits in 2008 based upon the size and location of residences in particular areas.

Directs the Secretary to publish the median house prices and mortgage principal obligation limits as revised by this Act not later than 30 days after its enactment.

And here’s why it’s dangerous: As Senator Hagel said, “we have … overmortgaged … and abused credit.  And what does this act do?  Raises limits on mortgages dealing with approved credit.  But here’s the problem (as I addressed in this post: http://inkslwc.wordpress.com/2008/03/19/monopoly-electronic-banking-credit-cards-terrible-for-kids/):

  1. People bought overpriced houses.
  2. They couldn’t afford these houses.
  3. Mortgages were given to people who NEVER should’ve been given mortgages, especially for as much as was loaned.
  4. People got adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs), which are normally used for people with bad credit, because it puts more of the risk on the person taking out the mortgage.
    1. The problem was that SO many people took out ARMs and then couldn’t pay.
    2. The banks don’t want to foreclose, because they can’t resell the property because the market is now in a state where most of the houses are overpriced, and too many people are already in financial trouble from previous mortgages.
  5. Another problem is credit – we have people all over using credit cards for whatever they want.  Rule #1 of a credit card: NEVER buy something that you couldn’t pay with cash.  Credit cards are meant for convenience so that you don’t have to carry around a wad of cash or keep all your money in a checking account where you aren’t earning interest, NOT as a secondary source for spending money.  Rule #2: Pay off the balance monthly so you don’t get nailed with interest.
  6. Yet another problem: All this $0 downpayment stuff – sure, it looks good, but that just means that you’re going to have to pay that $500 later PLUS interest!

Americans really need to go and take a simple budget or economics class, because these quick fixes are only going to hurt us.

Why is it the government’s job to fix problems that we created?  If I go out and buy a house I can’t afford and then can’t make payments, why is it the government’s job to right my stupidity?  It’s not, but ever since FDR did it in the depression, we’ve become dependent.  Herbert Hoover was right in not helping the people who just kept investing all their money in the stock market – their stupidity cost them.  Now, I understand that banks shouldn’t have been investing money that they didn’t actually have, but I’m not talking about that – I’m talking about the individuals.

If Americans aren’t careful, the economy will be slaughtered and the government won’t be able to bail people out time after time.  LEARN from your mistakes and don’t make them again, PLEASE for the sake of all of us!

Done Ranting,

Ranting Republican
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